Sewing Masks

What We’ve Been Reading

Sculpting Calaveras

Master Smiths Forging The Finest Plate Armor

Medieval Kingdoms

Mr. Robbins’ strategic management simulation in which students take on the role of the landed aristocracy in medieval Europe

What is your objective?
You are a noble in a medieval kingdom!
You will work to become Emperor; failing that, to not lose your head.  
You will work with your fellow nobles, and possibly those of nearby kingdoms, to gain the power to survive various challenges that threaten to destroy your kingdom.

You are a noble, and in addition to smiting your enemies, you must manage your realm. To begin, you own a single Estate, a property you own. 

Each turn, you may expand and build or seize new estates. When this occurs, you gain resources from that estate. 

An estate’s productions depend on its layout and the feudal contract that tells what it produces in total. Never lose these documents!

All your resources are shared across your estates, so some can produce what others consume. Specializing your estates is probably wise. 

You keep track of all your possessions in your Ledger , a simple spreadsheet. Never lose your ledger!

Manors are the basic form of medieval life. These are small villages dedicated to farming and simple crafting. In-game, manors produce raw materials and knights.

Cities consume large amounts of raw materials, but produce many of the most advanced resources, such as massive siege engines that can destroy castles.

Monasteries produce large amounts of culture and education. 

Castles are massive fortresses that defend your realm and let you organize armies to invade others. Castles are the pride of a kingdom!


There are four major details on each map:

Pins represent Manors or Monasteries , Flags represent Towns, and Strings represent trade routes. Castles are large, blocky pins. 

Each town can connect to two other towns with trade routes. Trade routes earn gold!

Connecting a town to a trade route earns 1 gold for every town on that route. (A trade route that goes through four towns earns 4 gold for each kingdom connected)

The map is divided into a grid with latitude and longitude lines. Where they meet, they form “squares.” These are called Map Squares.

Every week, consult with your fellow nobles. Decide on what to build, what to conquer, and if you are going to war.

Fill out the Action sheet and submit it. Depending on the action, you may need to include maps, Army Rosters, etc. 

As soon as your documents are submitted, you can update the map. Remember that attacking armies take an additional turn to arrive, so the defenders will probably prepare. 


Each turn, there are six major actions you can do: 

1. Build a manor, monastery, or castle on a Map Square you already own an estate in, a square bordering one, or that is touching sea water. Founding a new Manor is free.

Action: Building

  1. Manors and Monasteries can be settled for free.  
  2. Each new estate requires a map and contract, which remains in your portfolio. 
  3. You can have a number of manors and monasteries equal to your rank. 
  4. Castles require power , a rare resource, to build. 
  5. Cities already exist; you instead take control of them if they are unowned. Beware that cities need lots of resources to be effective.


2. Capture an unclaimed city. The city must be within 1 Map Square of an estate you own, OR be on a coastline.

Action: Capturing a City

  1. Unowned cities can be captured without a fight. They then require a map and contract.
  2. Cities already claimed must be fought for! See forming an army, ahead. 


3. Establish a trade route between cities. You must control one of the cities, but can connect to any other.

Action: Establishing a trade route

  1. If you own a city, you can establish a trade route by connecting it to another city. 
  2. As long as you own that city, you gain 1 wealth per every city connected to the trade route. (If 10 cities are connected, everyone involved gains 10 wealth.)
  3. Wealth from trade routes counts as “Trade” income in your ledger. 
  4. Trade routes can be broken if any city along the route is captured by someone who does not want to maintain the route, or if the original owner simply no longer wants to allow traders through their land.
  5. If losing a trade route causes your wealth to become negative, you must trade resources until it becomes positive. You may need to find a new trade route or rebuild a city to make more wealth.


4. Form an Army by gathering knights and men-at-arms. You can then lead this to attack or defend a location.

Action: Forming an Army

  1. Fortune favors the brave.
  2. You and any allies send knights, men-at-arms, machines, and possibly mercenaries into an Army. 
  3. You and your allies fill out the Army Roster page, listing your war resources. 
  4. Knights and Men-at-arms are your best soldiers, while machines are required to attack large castles. You can spend wealth to hire mercenaries, though they are not as good as knights. 
  5. While in an army, whatever you send is not available to defend or attack other locations. Be wary! 
  6. An army is represented by a tag on the map. Once created, you select a target and describe the path. If you pass through another lord’s lands, you need their permission or they might harass your army, weakening it slightly. 
  7. The next turn, you reach your target. Targets can be cities or castles; castles defend the cities near them. There are no surprise attacks; the defenders will have that turn to gather their own Army Roster. 
  8. When armies meet, the commanders of the defenders and attackers roll die for each soldier in the army. Knights use a 10-sided die, men-at-arms use an 8-sided die, and mercenaries use a 6-sided die. 
  9. Rolls of 1 or 2 are casualties: those units are removed from the Army Rosters. However, you can only lose as many soldiers as your enemy army currently has. Weaker units are removed first.
  10. The battle continues until an army has no further soldiers. The other wins!
  11. If attacking a castle, the attacker needs more machines than the defender has Defenses, or they must siege the castle. Their army cannot return home for an extra turn, even if they win the battle. This allows defenders a second chance to attack! 
  12. If the attacking army wins, they claim the castle or city. The army disperses and must be reformed. The castle or city must be rebuilt before it is active again. 
  13. If the defender wins, the attacking army is dispersed and all defenders gain 1 gold coin in trophies.
5. Adventure as a proper noble, earning fame and experience by writing about a topic of interest to you.

Action: Adventuring

  1. Nobles often travel, seeking fame and fortune. Adventuring can bring honor. 
  2. Completing an adventure requires submitting a 3-5 paragraph report on a subject you know about, care about, or find interesting. 
  3. An adventuring noble gains 1-3 gold coins, depending on the quality of their report.


6. Rebuild a Castle or City. Once captured, you can change the layout of the city or castle to better suit your plans. Or, keep the original layout.

Action: Rebuilding

  1. When you capture a city or castle, it becomes damaged. You do not immediately gain its resources, and castle defenses do not work. You must spend an action to rebuild it.
  2. Once rebuilt, the city/castle give you full access to their resources.
  3. You can choose to change the map of the city or castle when rebuilding, to gain different resources. This works like building a new estate. 
  4. You can also rebuilt your own cities or castles at any time, without needing to conquer them. 


Alliances can pool resources to defend or attack. 

You can give estates to your allies without a fight; however, only one person in an alliance can rise to the rank of Queen/King.


Crises are random events that occur. Each one requires different ways of solving the crisis.

If you can solve the crisis, you gain bonuses. 

Some crises can cause damage to an unprepared kingdom, but you will be warned.


Duels can be used to solve many problems. Duels are done with a simple game of Chess.

Duels can resolve issues such as two nobles attempting to claim the same city, or even avert battles! 

If two armies are fighting, the leaders can agree to a duel instead. If one side is willing to duel but the other refuses, that side gains an additional 12-sided die representing their brave leader. 

Defenders always play white.

You begin weak and small, at the bottom of the noble ladder.

Each tier requires power, a rare resource. Power is generated in cities and monasteries. 

To become a Duke, you must rule a capital city. Those are marked on the map with stars. 

To become a Queen/King, you must rule 3 capital cities. 

To become an Emperor, you must rule 5 capital cities.

The first player to reach the Imperial tier wins the game.


Sewing autumnal plush Pumpkins

History & Social Sciences

Mr. Robbins’ program is a three-year rotation. Taken as a complete cycle, the three years provide a complete overview of western civilization, as well as introductions to numerous other cultures and peoples.

 Year 1 covers Ancient Civilizations, spanning from early civilization in the Near East to the decline and dissolution of the Greco-Roman world. Students participate in two simulation games: the Cities of Greece, where they work with teammates to plan and expand a Greek city state in the classical period, followed by the Legions of Rome, where each student becomes a senator in the old Roman republic, striving to obtain power, and, ultimately, seek the imperial laurel.

Students working in groups to design and assemble catapults and ballistas in 2018

Year 2 takes students into the Middle and early Modern ages, beginning with the tumultuous European middle ages. Students participate in the Kingdoms game, where they guide their feudal dynasty through centuries of trade, intrigue, and of course, castle-building. We then enter the renaissance and age of exploration, culminating in the settlement of what will become the United States of America. In our Merchant Princes game, set in the complex 17th-18th centuries, students build commercial empires and seed the modern world as they chart the entire globe for the first time in human history.

Secret society groups researching and building dossiers on countries they plan to infiltrate in the Great Game of 2019

Year 3 focuses on the modern period, beginning with the French Revolution and following the expansion of industrialism and modern ideology across the world. We follow US history through the 19th-century and the World Wars, typically ending with the Cold War. Our overarching simulation, the Great Game, is a lighthearted spy game based on codebreaking and globetrotting, where the students seek to manipulate the emerging nations of the world into their own personal empires.

Travis Robbins earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in History from UC Davis. After graduating, Mr. Robbins was a paraprofessional educator for the Sonoma County Office of Education. He also served as a director for the Forestville Water District where he oversaw initiatives to improve water conversation across the district, as well as managed a wastewater recycling program.

Now a teacher at VCS, he provides instruction to our 6th, 7th, and 8th grade classroom. He strives to instill his high level of enthusiasm for history in his students through a combination of self-directed research projects, collaborative academic games, and multidisciplinary assignments that show the social sciences never need to be boring.